Benefits and Possible Risks of DNA Testing

Genetic testing has made a lot of progress in the last few years and it has also become easier for people to reap the benefits of this technique. However, it is important that everyone is well versed with the benefits as well as the drawbacks of making the choice to get your DNA tested.

Benefits of DNA Testing

There are various reasons why it is beneficial for you to get your DNA tested that will help you in your present as well as your future.

Genetic testing can help in the diagnosis of different chronic diseases. It can either be a current medical condition that the person is suffering from that can either be caused due to a genetic defect that was not previously known or can have another genetic component.

It can also be used to detect the possibility of a previously healthy individual later developing a disease such as Alzheimers. Individuals who have a family history of this disease can benefit from getting this test done so that they can take the required precautions for the disease.

A DNA test can also help to determine if an individual has certain alleles in their genome that would require them to make certain changes in their lifestyle or their environment. For example, doing whole genome sequencing can help to indicate the possibility of the individual developing type 2 diabetes. With this knowledge, the individual can make the required changes in his or her lifestyle that can help to prevent or control diabetes.

DNA testing can also be done so as to prepare a tailor made treatment for a disease that the individual is suffering from. The genetic map of the individual can help the doctors to choose the best possible course of treatment for that disease. This individualistic approach can help to get quicker results and also reduce the chances of the patient getting the wrong treatment by mistake.

In the case of children getting a DNA test done can help to calm the parents from uncertainty even in cases where the result is not very good. The parents are then able to make informed decisions about what would be best for their child.

In cases where you or your partner or both are susceptible to a certain genetic disorder, it is easier to test whether your child will suffer from the same disorder in the womb. This will help you to be more prepared both mentally as well as practically when the child is born.

Risks of process of Dna profiling is used to bring out

Although the benefits outshine the risks many folds it is important that you are aware of them before you choose to get your DNA tested.

The whole process of the DNA testing can be a rollercoaster ride of emotions. You can go through a list of mixed feelings such as fear, anxiety, guilt, or relief. You will also have to think about the consequences that you and your family will face in case of either good or bad result.

Some of the genetic mutations that cause problems in life may not be easily identifiable and it can be a very frustrating process if this is the case.

Another risk maybe finding out that you are or can suffer from a life threatening condition but there may not be any treatment for it known to us.

Just the presence of a mutated gene cannot show the severity of the disease in that particular individual.

Most importantly once you get the results of your DNA test there is no way to undo it or to unsee the results. So be very sure that it is something that you want to do and want to know about yourself before going ahead.

Source

https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/testing/benefits

http://www.impact-study.co.uk/public/geneticsandcancer/genetictesting/positiveandnegativeaspects

http://knowgenetics.org/genetic-testing-of-adults/

http://www.geneticalliance.org.uk/information/services-and-testing/benefits-and-risks-of-genetic-testing/

Post a Comment

Your email is kept private. Required fields are marked *